The Karnataka State Police Department is the law enforcement agency for the Indian state of Karnataka. The department is headed by the Director General and Inspector General of Police(DG & IGP).
The district police administration is headed by a Superintendent of Police. A group of districts comprise a range, led by an Inspector General of Police. Police administration in Bengaluru is headed by a commissioner of police with the rank of Additional DGP. Mysuru, Mangaluru and Hubballi-Dharwad city are headed by an Inspector General of Police(IGP) while Belagavi is headed by a Deputy Inspector General of Police (DIG).
The Director General and Inspector General of Police (DG&IGP) is the head of the state’s police department, and under him are Director general of police’s, Additional Directors Generals of Police. Each Additional Director General of Police is in charge of a particular function: law and order, crime and technical services, administration, intelligence, the Karnataka State Reserve Police, recruitment and training.
There are Four Commissionarates and seven police ranges. The Commissioner of Police, Bangalore City has the rank of Additional Director General of Police, and the commissioners in Hubballi-Dharwad, Mysuru and Mangaluru have the rank of Inspector General of Police while the Belagavi and kalaburgi commissioner has the rank of Deputy Inspector General of Police. Six Inspectors General of Police are in charge of ranges, with several Inspectors General of Police in charge of specific functions. Each Range comprises three to six districts, and each district is headed by a Superintendent of Police.
Ranges and districts
|Southern Range, Mysuru||Mysuru, Kodagu, Mandya, Hassan and Chamarajanagara|
|Western Range, Mangaluru||Dakshina Kannada, Uttara Kannada, Chickmaglur, and Udupi|
|Eastern Range, Davangere||Chitradurga, Shivamogga, Haveri and Davangere|
|Central Range, Bengaluru||Tumkuru, Kolar, Bengaluru, Chikkaballapura and Ramanagara|
|Northern Range, Belagavi||Belagavi, Vijapur, Dharwad, Bagalkot and Gadag|
|North Eastern Range, Kalburgi||Kalburgi, Bidar and Yadgiri|
|Ballari Range, Ballari||Ballari, Raichur, Koppal|
The police stations are the lowest units of the police department. There are 906 police stations, 230 circle offices, 91 SDPOs and 31 DPOs (including railway police). Police stations are headed by inspectors in towns and cities. There are two to four sub-inspectors in addition to assistant sub-inspectors, head constables and constables. Rural police stations are headed by a sub-inspector or two sub-inspectors covering law and order and crime, depending on the station’s importance. They are grouped into circles, comprising a sub-division. Sub-divisions are headed by Deputy Superintendents of Police and circles by Police Inspectors. Additional superintendent of police’s (ASP’s) are also their in districts
- Director General of Police (DGP)
- Additional Director General of Police (ADGP)
- Inspector General of Police (IGP)
- Deputy Inspector General of Police (DIG)
- Senior Superintendent of Police (SSP)
- Superintendent of Police (SP)
- Additional Superintendent of Police (ASP)
- Assistant SP (IPS) or Deputy SP (KPSC)
- Inspector of Police (PI)
- Sub-Inspector of Police (PSI)
- Assistant Sub-Inspector of Police (ASI)
- Head Constable
Law and Order
This wing is headed by an officer with the rank of Additional Director General of Police, Law and Order.
State Intelligence Department
The Intelligence Department is headed by an Additional Director General of Police, assisted by two Deputy Inspector General of Police and five Superintendents of Police at headquarters. The five Superintendents of Police in the Intelligence Divisions are in Bangalore, Mysore, Mangalore, Gulbarga and Belagavi,
Crime and Technical Services Wing
This wing is headed by the Additional Director General of Police, Crime and Technical Services. It includes the Fingerprint Bureau, Forensic Scientific Laboratory, Police Computer Wing and State Crime Record Bureau.
In the state, the police trace their origins to the former Mysore State Imperial Service. They consist of:
- A District Armed Reserve (DAR) for each district
- A City Armed Reserve (CAR) in Bangalore, Mysore, Mangalore, Belagavi and Hubli-Dharwad
- A Special Task Force (STF)
- The Karnataka Armed Reserve Mounted Police, headquartered in Mysore
- Coastal Security Police (CSP)
- Government Railway Police (GRP)
The Karnataka State Reserve Police (KSRP) is headed by an Additional Director General of Police, assisted by an Inspector General and one Deputy Inspectors General of Police at headquarters. The Karnataka State Reserve Police consists of 12 battalions: four in Bangalore and one each in Mysore, Belgaum, Gulbarga, Mangalore, Shivamogga, Shiggoan, Hassan and Tumakur
In 1951 the horses in the maharaja’s bodyguard were used for the Karnataka Armed Reserve Mounted Police, headquartered in Mysuru. The stables, fields and office buildings date to the maharajas’ time. Mounted police are used for traffic duty, night patrol, officer training and the Mysuru Dasara. The force is made up of 90 horses and 150 officers and men.
Mounted-police riders still practice tent pegging, and are also known for games, ceremonial parades and showmanship. Its riders have won a number of prizes in national and international equestrian competitions. The mounted police is headed by S. G. Mariba Shetti, who has won gold medals at the 1995 World Police Games in Australia (1995) and in 2001 in Indianapolis(2001) and has commanded the Dasara procession since 1977.
Coastal Security Police
The Coastal Security Police, established in 1999, is headed by an Inspector General of Police followed by a Superintendent of Police and other staff. The CSP has jurisdiction over Karnataka’s coastal waters from Talapady in Dakshina Kannada to Sadashivgad in Uttara Kannada, about 320 kilometres (200 mi).
The Forest Cell assists the Karnataka Forest Department with their operations.
This wing is headed by the Director General of Police, Training, assisted by an Inspector General of Police (Training) and Deputy Inspector General of Police (Training). Karnataka has ten training institutions:
- Karnataka Police Academy (Mysore)
- Karnataka State Police Training School (Channapatna)
- Police Dr(Bangalore)
- Traffic Training Institute (Bangalore)
- Karnataka State Police Training Centre (Gulbarga)
- Special Branch Training Institute (Bangalore)
- Wireless Training Institute (Bangalore)
State-level units perform specialised police functions and assist civil-police units:
- Criminal Investigation Department (CID), Economic Offenses and Special Units: Headed by a Director General of Police, the unit oversees the Corps of Detectives, the Forest Cell, the Economic Offenses Unit and the Cyber Police Station.
- Directorate of Civil-Rights Enforcement: Headed by an Additional Director General of Police, Civil Rights Enforcement, and assisted by an Inspector General of Police, a Deputy Inspector General of Police and a Superintendent of Police at headquarters. the wing has six field units (each headed by a Superintendent of Police) at the police ranges in Bangalore, Mangalore, Davangere, Belgaum, Gulbarga and Mysore. The directorate monitors and investigates cases registered under the Protection of Civil Rights Act 1955 and the Prevention of Atrocities Act, and is the watchdog of rights and benefits extended to the Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes.
- Communication, Logistic and Modernisation Wing: Headed by an Additional Director General of Police, the wing consists of a Police Wireless Unit and a Motor Transport Organisation (both headed by a Superintendent of Police).
- Planning & Modernisation: Headed by an Inspector General of police, Planning and Modernisation, the wing receives consolidation proposals for the police department and submits them to the government for approval.
- Police Housing & Welfare: Headed by an Inspector General of Police, Grievance Cell and Human Rights